among other things, campaign or protest – including the well-known DoS attacksdenial of service – against racist institutions, which promote censorship on the Internet or, for example, boycott Wikileaks. In Spain, for example, a demonstration (with masks) during a Goya awards ceremony against the Sinde-Wert law. Anonymous is a paradigmatic example of an innovative form of political action characteriz as swarming, which consists of the spontaneous, real-time self-organization of many disper individuals and groups, who coordinate to carry out specific actions. The third phenomenon analyzed by Padilla is hacktivists ,

a community of politicized hackers who share resources and organize, in an assembly and through the networkunder three fundamental principles: 1) the construction of a society and a free culture , open and participatory through free tools; 2) the right to privacy; and 3) the desire to experiment freely. In Spain they have been particularly active against the Sinde-Wert law or in the Bankia case. Margarita Padilla is a computer engineer and former itor of Mundo Linux magazine. He learn GNU / Linux in busy social centers and with other hackers, . He is currently part of the Dabne-Information Technologies cooperativ.

Campaigns And Resistance Actions

a company specializing in the implementation of digital libraries and archives, web application development, technology integration projects in ucation, consulting and implementation Saudi Arabia Phone Number Of free software projects. . He has publish many texts on the social and political uses of information and communication technologies. The book has been publish by Traficantes de sueños , a publishing house. (Which is also a bookstore and distributor) that aims to give voice to alternative. Social movements and publishes its texts with Creative Commons . Both in paper and format digital and open to your website.his, what really interests. Him is that a few thousand books that now almost no one can consult,


are accessible for to everyone! Interestingly, this Why does the PP use the Constitution against the sovereignist proposals ?, or how Habermas’s constitutional patriotism can be manipulat. Starting point: in complex societies, unquestionable myths, taboos and certainties, or religious or metaphysical support for norms, seem to no longer serve to fulfill the function of social integration. This integrative function can only be effectively fulfill if the rules have an element of legitimacy that goes beyond their pure coercive imposition and enables the minimum acceptance necessary for their follow-up.

The Rules Depends On

The legitimacy of  how those rules were creat . They are legitimate when, according to Habermas, their addressees “can at the same time feel, as a whole, as rational authors of these norms. That is, when the proc ure of creationof the norms reproduces the argumentative and. Consensual proc ure of the communicative reason, that is to say. When the democratic proc ure is follow  without distortions. When the recipients of the rules do not feel the authors, due to the fact that they do not come. From a legislative process of a democratic nature, these rules will not be mostly compli with and this system

will not exercise the function of order and coordination of conduct that corresponds to the law. However, it can also be seen that the less democratic systems have succeeded and are able to impose their rules above any. Sentiment of those subject to them (for example, the legal rules of. Nazism which did not precisely provoke the rejection of the Germans), or that the fact of “feeling. like authors” can be induced by the means and techniques of the modern state. And even achieve a degree of unanimity that never occurs in a democracy. (Eg the referendums of dictators who achieve 95% acceptance of their legislative initiatives). However, Habermas maintains thata right

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