For instance, Therefore, the defense of an article 2 that represents the impossibility of democratically articulating the national question in the Spanish State. Article 2 prevents. For instance, the contest of civil liberties and makes it impossible to reach a democratic solution to . Without the recognition of the right to self-determination, one cannot. For instance, speak of a discursive procedure. Therefore, or of freedom, or of tolerance. For instance, In the articulation of the patriotism of the constitution of. Habermas and in its Spanish version not only exists a fundamental. Difference in the paper that is. For instance, granted to the citizen will, but also in the same concept of constitutionwhich is used.

Therefore, When Habermas speaks of the constitution as the focus of patriotism he is referring to the postulates of universalization of democracy and human rights found in. Western constitutions. thing that needs to unite citizens emotionally, if there is something. Therefore, that needs to bind them in the defense of their community, it must be, first and foremost, a product of universal principles, procedures and of the abstract rights enshrined in the constitution. Thus, the constitution is conceived as the refuge of the republican mentality. That ensures that the reasons for cohesion that arose in principle from the national consciousness are purified through a universalist crucible.

If There Is One

The constitution is synonymous with substantive values, the recognition of human rights as the basic nucleus of union, and discursive procedures that make democracy possible. The patriotism of the Habermasian constitution is based on a “national Switzerland Phone Number dentity founded on common loyalty to democratic procedures and fundamental rights.” On the other hand,in Hispanic constitutional patriotism. Therefore, the constitution in question is equivalent not to any substantive value. Therefore, but to the formal document . The constitution is not considered as a meeting. For instance, point of the republican mentality. But it is based on the constitution to generate a national-Spanish consciousness .


Therefore, The concept of a nation that has been constitutionalized is not the product of a voluntary decision of its citizens.  A pre-existing unity in the formation of the citizen’s will. Therefore, the patriotism that emanates from this vision – which is anti-voluntary. Will be as much constitutional as you want. But it will not be democratic, in the deepest sense of participatory will. Joan Campàs Montaner. Digital aura Bibliography Aróstegui, Julio,iotism and its miseries , online . Habermas, J. (1989), National and postnational identities . Madrid. Tecnos. 121 pages. Habermas, J. (1992). The Reconstruction of Historical Materialism . Madrid.

The Limits of Patriotism

Therefore, Taurus Editions. 5th ed. Col. Essayists, 190. 320 p. Habermas, J. (1993), Political Citizenship and National Identity . Barcelona. University of Barcelona, ​​Publications and Editions. Col. University Proceedings, 10. 117 p. Habermas, J. (1997), Beyond the national state . Therefore, Madrid. Editorial Trotta. 192 pages. Habermas, J. (1998), Facticality and validity: on law and the democratic state of law in terms of discourse theory. Madrid. Therefore, Trot, 696 p Habermas, J. (2000), The postnational constellation . Barcelona. Paidós. Col. Paidós library of the present, 11. 218 pgs. Habermas, J. (2004), The inclusion of the other. Studies in political theory . Barcelona. Paidós. Col.

Nationalization is usually understood as the social process by which different groups end up accepting, more or less explicitly, a “new consciousness” of belonging to a community defined as a “nation”, a process that implies political, cultural integration. linguistic and ideological, the identification with the new institutions, with their signs and symbols, and with the historical discourse that justifies everything. We accept, for the moment, this definition, even if only as a working tool, and we wonder how it applies to nineteenth-century Spain. The Spanish liberal regime was built during the bloody and long civil war of 1833-1840, and was born from the victory

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