For its centenary,  festival and turned it into a tribute to Daoiz and Velarde. A way of self-glorifying the behavior of the armed forces in the face. Of the French invasion (clear manipulation of the history. Once again, since these two captains had been the exception). We will have to wait for the Maura government. In the second decade of the 19th century. To find a national holiday instituted: October 12. The date of Columbus’ arrival on the island of Austria Phone Number List. Secular and imperialist nationalism could seem to triumph; but no, since the Feast of the Pillar was celebrated on this day. The memory of the apparition of the Virgin Mary to the evangelizer of Spain.

political consensus created by. Queen Elizabeth II (1833-1868), by not acting as an arbiter between the various liberal political factions. Prevented the Crown from being seen and accepted as the embodiment of the new nation. Its partisan and sectarian attitude. Its links to reactionary cliques and their scandalous private life prevented. The monarchy from being an element of national integration. On the contrary. iIt was seen as a mere instrument of ultra-conservative political. Economic, and religious interest groups.

The Liberal Monarchy Itself

And this political disrepute made it difficult for the Crown to identify with the “nation” at a momentous moment for the consolidation of the Spanish liberal regime, which, in turn, 6. An anti-liberal church Probably the weak identification of the Church with the liberal regime for much of the nineteenth century, the continued condemnations it addressed to politicians and the fact that it questioned the legitimacy of the system also made it difficult for a section of Spaniards to adhere to “ the nation of liberals ”. The Spanish Church generally took an anti-liberal stance and for many.


Therefore, years insisted on defending the supposed egalitarian and social harmony values ​​of the Old Regime. For the clergy, the liberal revolution was responsible for religion losing the central position it had always held in Spanish society. And that is why the traditional discourse of  process of nationalization, which involved the identification of citizens with the new regime. The reconciliation between the moderates and the Church – following the concordat of 1851 – made it possible for Catholicism to appear as a consubstantial fact in the Spanish nation of the conservatives, of the right.

The Church Hindered The

Towards the twenties and thirties of the twentieth century, we can perfectly distinguish four major trends or currents within Spanish nationalism. Therefore, Traditionalist, conservative, ultra-Catholic and anti-democratic nationalism, which was fervently monarchical and always distrustful of the liberal parliamentary system; it could accept certain diluted forms of administrative regionalism or traditional foralism.

Therefore, It is the current that emerged from the world of Carlism, which Menéndez Pelayo and Vázquez Mella redefined at the beginning of the century and which led to Maeztu and “Acción Española” in the 1930s. Unitarian, anti-separatist and aggressive nationalism, defender of a strong and uniforming state. It is a current with clear authoritarian, militaristic and expansionist connotations, and is hostile to political parties and liberal parliamentarism. However, It arose with the revengeful militarism of the beginning of the century and derived in Ledesma Ramos, Primo de Rivera and

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