so inevitable and natural that neither in its construction has it collided internally with anyone, nor could it have had any borders other than the current ones. This conceptualization is the result of the construction of the first truly unitary state, the liberal one, during the first half of the 19th century. We know that it is impossible to speak of the existence of Spain in the third century BC, to choose a century at random, or in the fifteenth or eighteenth century. There is only a discourse of what is Spanish, especially from liberalism, when the state, the market,

the press and the education system deploy in unison the nationalization or Spanishization of politics, economics, culture and of citizen identity. Nations, including Spain, do , that is, they are not natural classes, they are not self-identifying entities, but, on the contrary, they exist only insofar as there is a sufficient critical mass of people who believe in them. Nations are certainly imagined communities, as Benedict Anderson says, but that does not mean they are unreal or non-existent. And it is that the nations, in spite of a whole series of elements, as they can be the economy, the landscape,

Not Exist By Themselves

history, the symbolism, the language, for their objective explanation, are realities that to exist and to be as they are they necessarily depend on the propositional attitudes of the individuals who make them up. That is why we can say that nations are a phenomenon of collective consciousness. Nations, by not existing by themselves – by themselves – are or can become what their members can come to believe and desire. In this sense we can speak of project identity, in terminology of Manuel Castells. Everything is in a constant process of construction – and deconstruction -, everything is evolving in interaction with the other

constructions in its environment. From this perspective we can ask ourselves: in what sense does dominant Spanish nationalism see other Spaniards? That is, how does Spanish nationalism view what is Spanish from others. In what way, according to Spanish nationalism, current State is rais today so. That belonging to Spain is not consider the result of chance, but the logical result. Of a providential and unquestionable history. On the other han. Other nationalisms are considerthe result of chance or the weakness of this. Spanish nationalism, either because it did not know how to.

The Identification With The

impose itself, or because it preferr to respect them and therefore have surviv. The mythical story of this uncreat, timeless Spain, which demandthe unitary state of the Afghanistan Phone Number iberals, is project as a living reality to the first settlers: “the Iberians and the Celts are the creators of the background of the Spanish character” reads M Lafuente, or “From the Iron there are already in the Peninsula certain factors of unity and interrelation between its peoples. That’s why I don’t think it’s an exaggeration to talk about a Millennium “says A. Domínguez Ortiz. With what ingredients, then, is what is Spanish constituted and on

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what mium is Spain defin? We will focus, above all, on four aspects. First of all, the Spanish nation imagines itself crea by the nature of a territory. It is obvious that the Iberian Peninsula is a unit, to the point that in the maps of Spain. Portugal always appears. Therefore, a fragmentation of this natural reality is unthinkable. Second, Catholicism as inherent in “being Spanish.” The Spanish nation imagines itself creatby the cultural identity of a religion. Christianity, in its Catholic aspect, appears as the support that establishes the contours of both Europe and Spain. It starts from Romanization as the basis of the

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