countries have the same culture in nation-building. But isn’t it claim that history is written by the ruling classes. Through which filters have some events been select and not others. who has ritualiz some commemorations, who has select some characters by making them “fathers of the homeland” and who has reject others, who has consider what are the relevant facts…? So who and how is a historical memory set up. Memory of what and by whom, in favor of what and by whom? Isn’t it curious that all the

Catalan counts and nobles are “good”, while the feudal lords of the rest of the world are exploiters of the peasants. Is a myth-free “national” story possible? It is possible to make history in a multinational state, Why have some nations not been able to form states and others have been. (think of Scotland, Wales, Catalonia, the Basque Country…)? Just because some won a war, like Portugal. And why were they able to win it? Luckily, due to a certain correlation of forces or alliances…? corresponding ruling classes play? When it comes to centralism, why

What Role Did The

are some states and others have embrac feralism or conferation in the first place? Why are there currently different feelings of identity in Spain? How and why, during the 19th Cambodia Phone Number entury, and within the framework of the liberal regime, was the vision of a single Spain impos and the alternative projects that advocat. the construction of a plural Spain were thwart? Why couldn’t a Spain be recogniz. That recogniz the diversity of cultural identities, which was the one desir by many Catalans. by many Democrats (the feral republicans), by many Basque foralists,


Iberians, Galician provincialists and so on? regionalists from different territories? Why has it not been possible to set up a Spain that, despite being based on ties of political solidarity, recognizes and promotes the different identities and cultural traditions? How was it possible that the initial project of building the nation of the Liberals, The classic definition of citizenship is based on the conditionthe same rights and must fulfill the same obligations and respect

That All Citizens Have

the same laws, and grants those who possess it the right to participate in state government. But today, the presence of a large number of immigrants in most Western states, and the enlargement of the European Union, makes some question this idea of ​​citizenship and wonder how it should be defined. citizenship in the European framework. What to do with non-citizens living permanently in European states? Do we need to give citizenship to these immigrants, or do we just need to expand their political rights? Should we start thinking about post-national political citizenship? Is it possible

to speak of multiculturalism or interculturality without referring to the social structure that organizes diversity in specific social contexts? Why this interest in using these terms. When all the societies on the planet, since the Paleolithic, have been intercultural. If that is why we understand that they have been in contact with other cultures. If cultures are not homogeneous, impermeable, immutable, or eternal essences, but flexible. Fluid, mutable, changeable, contingent, deterritorialized, and polycentric, how and where to set boundaries, the boundary, between one culture

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