Globalization,. The case of Catalonia ” By Marc Guarro (student of the degree in Catalan Language and Literature ). New image Since the last two decades of the twentieth century, the world has undergone a series of social. Changes that make the concept of modernity obsolete and demand its overcoming. Modernity, understood as an era of rationalization and economic and technical progress. Did not serve to satisfy the deepest individual or social aspirations and produc. In the words of the German sociologist Max Weber, a “disenchantment of the world.”

Sociology, then, faces a new challenge: this kind of labyrinth that has been  postmodernity . Throughout this work we will try to follow the paths. In recent decades, with the global reach of social relations, the concept of modern society can no longer be  exclusively =to a particular territory, a particular nation or a specific culture and language, but rather ‘must be understood in a global way: there is a type of society with a tendency to be homogeneous all over the world. This has  sociologists, philosophers, anthropologists, psychologists, and ultimately all theorists of the social sciences to speak of postmodernity .

To Understand And Explain

to frame and understand a whole series of phenomena typical of the days we live in, which have a lot to do with globalization and which have effects on social life: the globalization of Malaysia Phone Number macroeconomic relations with liberal criteria, scientific and technical progress , the advent and consolidation of the Internet as a global and instantaneous tool for content dissemination, communication and information exchange, and migratory movements that travel around the planet from end to end, with multilingual and multicultural derivatives that they are associated with it.


Postmodernity _it also implies a revolution in the concept of identity, and advocates an exaltation of the individual, free from social barriers, a “everyone can be whatever he wants”. The latter is by the fact that, on the one hand, there are larger institutions in the world (the global ones) and, on the other hand, that there are more, so that the rules of the game have been relax . institutional. Or maybe there are so many rules that everyone can choose the ones they want to follow and we are moving towards “everything is possible” socially.

Of The Cultural Identities

Globalization has indeed led to a resurgence of individuals, often social identities, but also individuals. Who are strongly reborn in postmodernity and who tend to polarize. We can talk about multi -identity: In addition to identities related to gender, territory. Race, religion. language, etc., there are also individuals who are  by affinities and often. Personal choices such as the type of music. listening, a lifestyle that is close to nature. (Vegetarianism, natural medicine, etc.) or belonging to social groups. Whose references are largely global (sociologist. Manel Castells speaks in this sense of “Network society”).

All these identities, moreover, can be given separately or coexisted in the same individual. This is what Feixa and Nilan call hybrid identities, especially among younger people: “[…] hybridization is a process of interaction between the local and the global, the hegemonic and the subaltern, the center and the periphery” (2009: 74). Finally, we see the emergence of a new global identity, an identity of people who are no longer. Defined by the place where they were born or where they live. But feel exclusively “citizens of the world.” According to Manuel Castells, this revitalization of the sense of identity. Has taken place as nation-states cease to be close references to individuals.

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