be safely separated into mere ‘influx’ and ‘meaning orientation’. (…) Sociology in no way has to do only with social action; however, this constitutes (for the class of sociology developed here) the central datum, that which for it, so to speak, is constitutive . (…)’ (Weber 2001:18-20; emphasis in the original) Max Weber’s best-known work is undoubtedly Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism – also his only work translated into Catalan. In this work, Weber tried to analyze how capitalism became possible, as a system of production and accumulation characterized by a rationalization of its processes at all times, a control over hedonistic desires and the “free” sale of labor to the owners of

means of production. Weber found in Protestant asceticism, especially Calvinism, a source of meaning behind all the actions that, chained together, led to unintended consequences in modern capitalism. Let’s look at some of the last lines of his famous work Protestant Ethics : ‘that one of the constituent elements of the spirit of modern capitalism (and not only of capitalism, but of all that is modern civilization), namely, the rationalization of behavior from the idea of ​​”Beruf” , had been engendered by the spirit of Christian asceticism . If we reread Franklin’s text, which we quoted at the beginning, we will see.

We Wanted To Show

That the essential elements of the attitude which we referred to there as the “spirit of capitalism” are precisely those which. As we have just seen, make up the content of professional France Phone Number Asceticism. Berufsaskese ) Puritan, though stripped of. The religious foundation that with Franklin had already ceased to exist. On the other hand. We are not the first to claim that the idea of ​​modern professional work ( Berufsarbeit ) is ascetic. The need to adhere to specialized work, with the consequent renunciation of the. Faustian universality of the human being that this implies, is in the world today. A sine qua non condition of all social action ; that is, today “action”. And “renunciation” are inevitably by each other.


Well, this fundamentally ascetic character of the bourgeois way of life – if one can still speak of style, and if it is not rather the lack of all style – is precisely what Goethe already wanted to show us. from the height of his wisdom, both in theWanderjahre. (The Traveling Years of Wilhelm Meister) as in the conclusion of his Faust . Such a realization  meaning of a farewell, of a sorrowful farewell to a time of full and beautiful humanity. That will never be in our civilization, just as in antiquity it was not. The time of the Athenian apogee was repeated.

Meant To Him The

The Puritan wanted to be a professional; we have no choicethan to be. Indeed, from the moment. That asceticism “hung the cassock”. Which came out of the monasteries to enter professional. life and began to dominate and preside over secular morality (intramundane). All of a sudden participated in the construction of the grandiose configuration of. The modern economic order, an order linked to the technical and economic. Conditions of mechanical and machinist. Production that with irresistible force today determines the lifestyle of all individuals

Born within this system (and not onlythat of those most directly affected by professional. Economic activity), and which may continue to determine it until the day when. The last tonne of fuel has been burned. According to Baxter, the concern for material. Goods should not weigh on the shoulders of his “saints” other than as “a light coat. From which one can detach oneself at any time.” But fate has made it a steel cage. From the moment that asceticism undertook the task of transforming the world and. Exerting all its influence on it, the material goods of this world acquired a growing. And inescapable power over men, more than in any other period of the history.

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