Wikileaks, Anonymous and Hacktivists. From the author’s point of view, the Internet is not only but has itself become an object of political conflict where access, the exploitation and control of a new type of property: intangible assets . These goods have quite special characteristics: they do not wear out due to use – in many cases, even their value increases the more they are -, they multiply at no cost – it costs as much to produce a copy as a hundthousand – no they are easily excl – it is very difficult to allow some people to use them and to exclude others – they are not rivals either.- the fact that someone uses
them does not prevent another person from doing so, even simultaneously – and they are built from each other – they are, at the same time, products and means of production. Intangible assets are not just music and movies, but computer programs, knowledge – including scientific and technological knowledge -, new forms of political participation, or exchange. In order to exercise economic control over this type of property, which has become abundant thanks to the Internet, certain social and business agents are trying to impose an artificial shortage on it . They do so mainly through intellectual property laws (expanding their scope, multiplying the mechanisms
New Forms Of Economic
of persecution and strengthening the punishments for their infringement) or, with the complicity of the States, through direct censorship (closing pages web). It is, therefore, a struggle that is both economic and political. The work analyzes the particularities of Russia Phone Number This struggle and, especially, its novel elements in terms of political action, based on three cases that, a priori, seem quite different and distant. On the one hand , Wikileaks , the platform for publishing leaks that was clos. Without a court order and with the collaboration of large companies that, in theory. Have to defend their customers. As a result of the publication of embassy cables Americans. Among other things,
Wikileaks states that we have no rights on the Internet and that what we do, we do only as long as we are allowed to. Beyond the controversial personality of its leader, Wikileaks is a remarkable phenomenon for many reasons. First, Wikileaks did not reveal true secrets; he simply documented what was already known. It was harshly attacked, unlike published the cables – for the powerful the Internet seems to be more dangerous than the mainstream press. Unlike this press, Wikileaks does not have a party-like political line, does not conform to the.
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traditional parameters of the left and right, and does not want. To overthrow a government to replace it with a more favorable one. It doesn’t even present itself as anti-system – something that makes it difficult to disqualify from the status quo. It simply wants to deepen the freedom of expression and transparency of governments and large corporations. Finally, Wikileaks does not analyze or comment on the information. It offers it raw so that others can examine it and draw conclusions. As the author says, it is an unfinished device that renounces absolute control of its product: it is
others who must complete it by adding meaning to it; it therefore functions as an Internet metaphor where intelligence lies in the nodes. In the network itself and not in a command center. Wikileaks also highlights. The value of anonymity in current policy – remember that Wikileaks guarantees. The anonymity of those who filter information. But anonymity as a political instrument is gaining strength with Anonymous. It is difficult to characterize Anonymous . It is not an organization, it has no structure or leaders. Not to have, it doesn’t even have a website. It is a diffuse community of activists who,